The Immaculate Conception in Baroque art is characterized by its dramatic and emotional depictions of Mary, the mother of Jesus, as a pure and sinless figure. Typically, the subject is represented through a combination of elements, such as dove symbolism, the presence of stars, and rays of light emanating from Mary's figure. The subject was popular during the Baroque period and is portrayed in various forms of art, from paintings to sculptures.
Guido Reni was an Italian Baroque painter known for his religious, mythological, and allegorical works. He was active in Rome, Naples, and Bologna, and was a dominant figure in the Bolognese School of art. Reni's work had a significant influence on Spanish Baroque artists, as well as on French Neoclassical painters. His reputation declined in the 19th century but has since been revived.