The Adoration of the Magi (c. 1624) is an oil on canvas painting by Peter Paul Rubens, measuring 218 cm by 280 cm. It was commissioned by Matthæus Yrsselius, abbot of St. Michael's Abbey, Antwerp, and paid for in two installments of 750 guilders each in 1624 and 1626. The Virgin Mary is thought to have been modeled on Rubens' first wife Isabella Brant. It is now in the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and was probably commissioned for a private collection rather than as an altarpiece. The central figure is one of the Magi, kneeling before Jesus, resting on a pillow. The wise man is dressed like a priest and holds a censer as if he were celebrating.
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640) was a prolific Flemish Baroque painter, known for his exuberant style. He produced altarpieces, portraits, landscapes and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects, and began his career at 13 in Antwerp.