Rest on the Flight into Egypt is an oil on canvas painting executed c.1665 by the Spanish artist Bartolomé Esteban Murillo which is now in the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia. It depicts the Holy Family, attended by two Cupids, resting during a flight to safety. The theme was a popular one which was painted by several artists.
The Bible relates that, after Joseph had been warned by an angel that King Herod was planning to kill all the firstborn children in Judea to protect himself from the threat posed by the newborn "King of the Jews", he followed the angel's instructions to flee with his family to Roman-occupied Egypt. They would return some years later on hearing of Herod's death, resettling for safety in the town of Nazareth in the north of Israel.
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (/mjʊəˈrɪloʊ, m(j)ʊˈriːoʊ/ mewr-IL-oh, m(y)uu-REE-oh; Spanish: [baɾtoloˈme esˈteβan muˈɾiʎo]; born late December 1617, baptized January 1, 1618 – April 3, 1682) was a Spanish Baroque painter. Although he is best known for his religious works, Murillo also produced a considerable number of paintings of contemporary women and children. These lively, realist portraits of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars constitute an extensive and appealing record of the everyday life of his times