Ethiopian Orthodox art has a long history, dating back to the 4th century when Christianity was introduced to Ethiopia. It includes churches and their decorations, illuminated manuscripts, icons, altars, crosses and other artworks with an Orthodox Christian character. Ethiopian painting is highly distinctive and closely related to the simplified Coptic version of Late Antique and Byzantine art.
The most prominent institutions that house these manuscripts include the Institute of Ethiopian Studies, the National Museum of Ethiopia and private collections. In recent years, academics, curators and the Ethiopian government have made increasing efforts to inventory Harari and Islamic manuscripts.