Jerome (c. 342–347 – 30 September 420) was born at Stridon, a village near Emona on the border of Dalmatia and Pannonia. Jerome is best known for his translation of most of the Bible into Latin (the translation that became known as the Vulgate) and his commentaries on the whole Bible. Jerome attempted to create a translation of the Old Testament based on a Hebrew version, rather than the Septuagint, as Latin Bible translations used to be performed before him. His list of writings is extensive, and beside his Biblical works, he wrote polemical and historical assays, always from a theologian's perspective.

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In this image you can see a large halo—generally round and used to represent holiness—around Jerome's head as he stares at a crucifix, which also has a halo. Jerome holds a stone in his hand, which he was rumored to use for mortification. Although the Catholic Church still teaches that mortification and penance are necessary for holiness (CCC 1430) internal penance, such as avoiding anger, jealousy, and nosiness is much more important, and safer, than the type of penance Jerome practiced. Furthermore, you can see a lion resting at Jerome's feet and a small village disappearing into the haze on the left side of the image showing the distance Jerome travelled to be free from distractions.

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