In this image, Saint John the Evangelist and four mourning women gather around the cross on which Christ's emaciated body rests. These figures were meant to model the emotional compassion to be felt by the viewer. Schongauer's image focuses on crowded scenes, grotesque physiognomies of Christ's tormentors, and great pathos in the compositions.

The skull that lies on the ground behind Saint John alludes to the Golgotha, the site of Christ's crucifixion, also believed to be the place where Adam died.

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Image by sdcason.com - CC BY-SA 4.0

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