Christ on the cross has been depicted in art since the 4th century CE. Early Byzantine depictions often show Christ flanked by Longinus and Stephaton with their spear and pole with vinegar. In British art, George James Frampton created a stele of Christ on the cross with his head bowed in sorrow. During the Renaissance period, paintings of Christ on the cross were created by artists such as Duccio, Ugolino di Nerio, Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo and El Greco. These works often depict Christ's pain and suffering through facial expressions and body language. They also feature symbols such as skulls at the foot of the cross to represent death. Crucifixion in popular art is sometimes used for its shock value, while from an art historical perspective, portrayals of the crucifixion act as historical fossils that document how people have viewed Jesus' death over time.
The Meester van de Delbecq-Schreiber-Passie is an artist from the 15th to 16th century, attributed to works such as 'Noli me tangere', 'Christus aan het kruis' and other prints, paper works and depictions of Jesus Christ and the New Testament.