Pope Pius VII was the head of the Catholic Church from 1800 to 1823. He was a monk of the Order of Saint Benedict and was well-known as a theologian and bishop. He was made a cardinal in 1785. Just 15 years later, he became pope. 

Giovanni Battista Caprara Montecuccoli was an Italian statesman and Cardinal who served as the archbishop of Milan from 1802 to 1810. He was also a papal diplomat who served in embassies in Cologne, Lausanne, and Vienna. He was the Legate of Pius VII in France and was instrumental in implementing the Concordat of 1801, which negotiated the appointments of the restored hierarchy in France. He also crowned Napoleon as the King of Italy in Milan in 1805.

Jacques-Louis David was a French painter who was born on August 30, 1748. He is considered to be the preeminent painter of the Neoclassical era, and is known for his cerebral approach to history painting and his ability to convey strong emotions. His work marked a shift away from the frivolous Rococo style towards classical austerity and severity.

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